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Most 19th-century thing ever read

davethebad:

"A cobbler by trade, Calcraft was initially recruited to flog juvenile offenders after meeting the City of London’s hangman, John Foxton, while selling meat pies near Newgate Prison."

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Calcraft

grimmgreenindustries:

Another view: The PROS of Electronic cigarettes
 By Bill Godshall for http://www.physiciansnews.com/
The growing mountain of scientific and empirical evidence consistently indicates that electronic cigarettes (e-cigs):- are 99% (+/-1%) less hazardous than cigarettes,- are consumed almost exclusively (i.e. >99%) by smokers and exsmokers who quit by switching to e-cigs,- have helped several million smokers quit and/or sharply reduce cigarette consumption,- have replaced about 1 Billion packs of cigarettes in the US in the past five years,- are more effective than FDA approved nicotine gums, lozenges, patches and inhalers for smoking cessation and reducing cigarette consumption,- pose fewer risks than FDA approved Verenicline (Chantix),- pose no risks to nonusers,- have further denormalized cigarette smoking,- have never been found to create nicotine dependence in any nonsmoker, and- have never been found to precede cigarette smoking in any daily smoker.
In April 2009, Obama’s FDA revealed its unscientific, unethical and inhumane policy to deceive Americans about e-cigs and defend the FDA’s e-cig ban and nearly 1,000 product seizures by US Customs agents: “We don’t want the public to perceive them as a safer alternative to cigarettes.”http://www.webmd.com/smoking-cessation/features/ecigarettes-under-fire
In July 2009, Obama appointee (and former Waxman staffer) FDA Deputy Commissioner Josh Sharfstein held a press conference (defending the agency’s unlawful and unwarranted e-cig ban from lawsuits by two companies whose products were seized) where FDA’s e-cig lab findings were misrepresented to scare the public to believe e-cigs are carcinogenic and toxic, where e-cig companies were falsely accused of target marketing to youth, and where it was alleged (without any evidence) that e-cigs are addicting children, can be gateways to cigarettes, can renormalize smoking, and don’t help smokers quit.http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/PublicHealthFocus/ucm173175.htmhttp://www.fda.gov/downloads/NewsEvents/Newsroom/MediaTranscripts/UCM173405.pdf
Thankfully for the rule of law, public health, civil liberties, market competition and common sense, all 12 federal appeals court judges upheld Judge Richard Leon’s Janaury 15, 2010 ruling striking down FDA’s e-cig ban as unlawful.https://ecf.dcd.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/show_public_doc?2009cv0771-54https://ecf.dcd.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/show_public_doc?2009cv0771-55
But instead of correcting or clarifying (or apologizing for) their many false and misleading fear mongering claims about e-cigs (in a failed attempt to win a lawsuit), FDA officials (and other DHHS officials) have further misrepresented the scientific and empirical evidence on e-cigs to lobby for their recently proposed Deeming Regulation, which will protect cigarette markets by banning >99.9% of all e-cigs, and will give the e-cig industry to the Big Tobacco companies.
Instead of protecting cigarettes (under the deceitful guise of protecting children), public health officials have an ethical duty to truthfully inform smokers and vapers that e-cigs are far less hazardous alternatives to cigarettes, and to keep them legal and affordable.
All real public health advocates support smokers switching to e-cigs, and keeping e-cigs legal.
Bill Godshall is Executive Director of Smokefree Pennsylvania 

grimmgreenindustries:

Another view: The PROS of Electronic cigarettes

 By Bill Godshall for http://www.physiciansnews.com/

The growing mountain of scientific and empirical evidence consistently indicates that electronic cigarettes (e-cigs):
- are 99% (+/-1%) less hazardous than cigarettes,
- are consumed almost exclusively (i.e. >99%) by smokers and exsmokers who quit by switching to e-cigs,
- have helped several million smokers quit and/or sharply reduce cigarette consumption,
- have replaced about 1 Billion packs of cigarettes in the US in the past five years,
- are more effective than FDA approved nicotine gums, lozenges, patches and inhalers for smoking cessation and reducing cigarette consumption,
- pose fewer risks than FDA approved Verenicline (Chantix),
- pose no risks to nonusers,
- have further denormalized cigarette smoking,
- have never been found to create nicotine dependence in any nonsmoker, and
- have never been found to precede cigarette smoking in any daily smoker.

In April 2009, Obama’s FDA revealed its unscientific, unethical and inhumane policy to deceive Americans about e-cigs and defend the FDA’s e-cig ban and nearly 1,000 product seizures by US Customs agents: “We don’t want the public to perceive them as a safer alternative to cigarettes.”
http://www.webmd.com/smoking-cessation/features/ecigarettes-under-fire

In July 2009, Obama appointee (and former Waxman staffer) FDA Deputy Commissioner Josh Sharfstein held a press conference (defending the agency’s unlawful and unwarranted e-cig ban from lawsuits by two companies whose products were seized) where FDA’s e-cig lab findings were misrepresented to scare the public to believe e-cigs are carcinogenic and toxic, where e-cig companies were falsely accused of target marketing to youth, and where it was alleged (without any evidence) that e-cigs are addicting children, can be gateways to cigarettes, can renormalize smoking, and don’t help smokers quit.
http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/PublicHealthFocus/ucm173175.htm
http://www.fda.gov/downloads/NewsEvents/Newsroom/MediaTranscripts/UCM173405.pdf

Thankfully for the rule of law, public health, civil liberties, market competition and common sense, all 12 federal appeals court judges upheld Judge Richard Leon’s Janaury 15, 2010 ruling striking down FDA’s e-cig ban as unlawful.
https://ecf.dcd.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/show_public_doc?2009cv0771-54
https://ecf.dcd.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/show_public_doc?2009cv0771-55

But instead of correcting or clarifying (or apologizing for) their many false and misleading fear mongering claims about e-cigs (in a failed attempt to win a lawsuit), FDA officials (and other DHHS officials) have further misrepresented the scientific and empirical evidence on e-cigs to lobby for their recently proposed Deeming Regulation, which will protect cigarette markets by banning >99.9% of all e-cigs, and will give the e-cig industry to the Big Tobacco companies.

Instead of protecting cigarettes (under the deceitful guise of protecting children), public health officials have an ethical duty to truthfully inform smokers and vapers that e-cigs are far less hazardous alternatives to cigarettes, and to keep them legal and affordable.

All real public health advocates support smokers switching to e-cigs, and keeping e-cigs legal.

Bill Godshall is Executive Director of Smokefree Pennsylvania 

itsstuckyinmyhead:

British Tumblr Posts photoset #2

Want to see more country Photosets?

American Photoset #1 

Canadian Photoset #3

marlene:

dbvictoria:

Free Crochet Pattern: Potted Baby Groot from Guardians of the Galaxy

image
beautifulgreyscale:

© Lukas Holas

beautifulgreyscale:

© Lukas Holas

Aug 5
ca-tsuka:

Infinite battle by Stephen Vyas.

ca-tsuka:

Infinite battle by Stephen Vyas.

(Source: ForGIFs.com)

mikaelsplayground:

You haven’t seen a tree until you’ve seen its shadow from the sky.  ~Amelia Earhart

mikaelsplayground:

You haven’t seen a tree until you’ve seen its shadow from the sky.  ~Amelia Earhart

stammsternenstaub:

m-m-mad-madness:

engineer—cat:

lumoblaze:

jonkakes:

bigcoolscorner:

merauderdon:

givemeinternet:

As close as you will ever be to a nuclear explosion

THIS IS FUCKING TERRIFYING

No thank you.

The columns of smoke in the foreground are telephone poles boiling

This is way cooler to look at than it should be

Science side of Tumblr would like to add:
Heat is generally transmitted in 3 forms: conduction, convection, radiation.
The fact that the telephone poles and wires are boiling away well before the shockwave hits them indicates that the heat from the explosion has not reached them by convection (much slower than the speed of sound) or by conduction (at best, comparable to the speed of sound), but purely by radiation. In other words: the explosion is bright enough to boil everything.


reblogging again for what engineer—cat said

stammsternenstaub:

m-m-mad-madness:

engineer—cat:

lumoblaze:

jonkakes:

bigcoolscorner:

merauderdon:

givemeinternet:

As close as you will ever be to a nuclear explosion

THIS IS FUCKING TERRIFYING

No thank you.

The columns of smoke in the foreground are telephone poles boiling

This is way cooler to look at than it should be

Science side of Tumblr would like to add:

Heat is generally transmitted in 3 forms: conduction, convection, radiation.

The fact that the telephone poles and wires are boiling away well before the shockwave hits them indicates that the heat from the explosion has not reached them by convection (much slower than the speed of sound) or by conduction (at best, comparable to the speed of sound), but purely by radiation. In other words: the explosion is bright enough to boil everything.

reblogging again for what engineer—cat said

crescentmoon06:

Dead End, Keith Alexander

crescentmoon06:

Dead End, Keith Alexander

(Source: iraffiruse)

Jul 8

missys-mojo:

Screenshots of today. Thayd. 

Wow. Not sure how much photoshop work was done but, that is NOT the game I see.
I need to upgrade my hardware.

Jul 7

kvotheunkvothe:

crowleyslittleminion:

haeinsa:

rylutz:

Nature; the most beautiful and serene is often the most ruthless and destructive

indeed

Go home, Thor. You’re drunk.

NAY

(Source: stars-in-streams)

Jul 4

Here Here

(Source: youtube.com)

Jul 3
therandomcub:

When digital tv info glitches are more accurate than the actual show info

therandomcub:

When digital tv info glitches are more accurate than the actual show info